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Source
John Carter, ABC for Book Collectors. 7th edition. With Corrections, Additions and an Introduction by Nicolas Barker. Oak Knoll Press 1995
Term english
Blockbook
Definition english
"Blockbooks, or xylographica, as produced in Europe – usually with more illustrations than text, often hand-coloured, and mostly of a popular and/or religious character – were long supposed to have preceded the invention of printing from movable metal types (by Johann Gutenberg, c. 1440–50). In the last thirty or forty years, however, research, much of it conducted by the late Allan Stevenson, into the paper of surviving copies, has established that (despite the solitary example of the unique Apocalypse I in the Rylands Library, which he dated c. 1451) the heyday of the blockbook was in fact the 1460s, to which the early and famous examples – whether Apocalypse, Biblia Pauperum, Arts Moriendi, Cantica Canticorum or Speculum Humani Salvationis – have been proved to belong. Many others, mostly of lower price and quality, belong to the 1470s, while isolated specimens continued to appear up to c. 1500. The blockbook was essentially a picture book, the illustration and its accompanying text being cut with the knife on wood and printed on one side of the paper only. They were often, perhaps normally, impressed from two-page blocks reaching across the sheet, in a brownish or greyish water-based ink (only from c. 1470 was oil-based ink generally used, thus allowing printing on both sides of the leaf). Examples are nowadays of extreme rarity, cost a great deal of money, and will be beyond the horizon of most collectors." (Carter, ABC for Book Collectors)
Term french
Xylographie
Definition french
La xylographie, qui a précédé l'imprimerie à caractères mobiles, a surtout été en usage aux quinzième et seizième siècles. Il s'agissait d'un mode d'impression à l'aide de planchettes de bois dans lesquelles étaient taillés les mots ou les figures.
Term german
Blockbücher
Definition german
Bücher, bei denen die Druckform für eine ganze Seite aus einer Holztafel geschnitten ist, also keine beweglichen Lettern verwendet werden. Die Bebilderung ist in Blockbüchern vorherrschend. Das Papier kann dabei nur einseitig bedruckt werden. Auf zwei bedruckte Seiten folgen demnach zwei leere, die meist am Außenrand noch zusammenhängen. Die dadurch entstehende Bindeform wird Blockbuch­bindung genannt. Sie ist häufig bei japanischen Büchern zu finden.
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